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Master List Of Published Scientific E-Cig Research | Upper Limits

Master List Of Published Scientific E-Cig Research | Upper Limits

 

Master List Of Published Scientific E-Cig Research | Upper Limits

 

Tests for the chronic toxicity of propylene glycol and triethylene glycol on monkeys and rats by vapor inhalation and oral administration Robertson O.H. et al JPET 1947 http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/91/1/52.abstract                                          
Conventional and electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) have different smoking characteristics Trtchounian A. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2010 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/12/9/905                                          
E-Cigarettes: A Rapidly Growing Internet Phenomenon Yamin C.K. et al Annals Of Internal Medicine 2010 http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=746383                                          
Electronic cigarettes are poorly labelled and under-regulated   New Scientist 2010 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0262407910630199                                          
Electronic cigarettes: a survey of users Etter J. BMC Public Health 2010 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186%2F1471-2458-10-231                                          
Electronic nicotine delivery devices: ineffective nicotine delivery and craving suppression after acute administration Eissenberg T Tobacco control 2010 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/19/1/87.extract                                          
Analysis of electronic cigarette cartridges, refill solutions, and smoke for nicotine and nicotine related impurities Trehy M.L. et al Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies 2011 http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10826076.2011.572213                                          
NIOSH review of Diacetyl - Occupational Exposure (popcorn lung) CDC STAFF CDC 2011 https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docket/archive/pdfs/NIOSH-245/0245-081211-draftdocument.pdf                                          
Effect of an electronic nicotine delivery device (e-Cigarette) on smoking reduction and cessation: a prospective 6-month pilot study Polosa R. et al BMC Public Health 2011 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/786                                          
Electronic cigarette: users profile, utilization, satisfaction and perceived efficacy Etter J., Bullen C. Addiction 2011 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03505.x/abstract                                          
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigs): views of aficionados and clinical/public health perspectives Foulds J. et al International Journal of Clinical Practice 2011 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2011.02751.x/abstract                                          
Electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy for tobacco control: A step forward or a repeat of past mistakes? Cahn Z., Siegel M. Journal of Public Health Policy 2011 http://www.jstor.org/stable/20868783                                          
Electronic Cigarettes As a Smoking-Cessation Tool : Results from an Online Survey Siegel M.B. et al American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2011 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379710007920                                          
Electronic nicotine delivery systems: is there a need for regulation? Trtchounian A., Talbot P. Tobacco control 2011 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/20/1/47.long                                          
Electronic-Cigarette Smoking Experience Among Adolescents Cho J.H. et al Journal of Adolescent Health 2011 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X11002734                                          
Interviews With “Vapers”: Implications for Future Research With Electronic Cigarettes McQueen A. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2011 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/9/860                                          
Smoking Cessation with E-Cigarettes in Smokers with a Documented History of Depression and Recurring Relapses Caponnetto P. et al IJCM 2011 http://www.scirp.org/journal/PaperInformation.aspx?PaperID=6134                                          
Successful smoking cessation with electronic cigarettes in smokers with a documented history of recurring relapses: a case series Caponnetto P. et al J Med Case Reports 2011 http://jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1752-1947-5-585                                          
Tracking the Rise in Popularity of Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (Electronic Cigarettes) Using Search Query Surveillance Ayers J.W. et al AJPM 2011 http://www.ajpmonline.org/article/S0749-3797%2810%2900793-2/abstract                                          
Variability Among Electronic Cigarettes in the Pressure Drop, Airflow Rate, and Aerosol Production Williams M., Talbot P. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2011 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/13/12/1276                                          
Acute effects of electronic and tobacco cigarette smoking on complete blood count Flouris A.D. et al. Food and Chemical Toxicology 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691512005030                                          
Clinical laboratory assessment of the abuse liability of an electronic cigarette Vansickel A.R. et al Addiction 2012 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03791.x/abstract                                          
Commentary on Wagener et al. (2012): Electronic cigarettes – the Holy Grail of nicotine replacement? Etter J. Addiction 2012 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03909.x/abstract                                          
Comparison of electronic cigarette refill fluid cytotoxicity using embryonic and adult models Bahl V. et al Reproductive Toxicology 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0890623812002833                                          
Comparison of the effects of e-cigarette vapor and cigarette smoke on indoor air quality McAuley T.R. et al Inhalation Toxicology: International Forum for Respiratory Research 2012 http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/08958378.2012.724728                                          
Effects of active and passive electronic and tobacco cigarette smoking on lung function Chorti M. et al Toxicology Letters 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378427412003529                                          
Electronic cigarette aerosol particle size distribution measurements Ingebrethsen B. J. et al Inhalation Toxicology: International Forum for Respiratory Research 2012 http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/08958378.2012.744781                                          
Electronic cigarette--a safe substitute for tobacco cigarette or a new threat? Kośmider L. et al Przegl Lek 2012 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23421096                                          
Electronic cigarettes: a response to Leelavathi and Das Foulds J. et al International Journal of Clinical Practice 2012 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2011.02889.x/abstract                                          
Electronic cigarettes: achieving a balanced perspective Wagener T.L. et al Addiction 2012 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03826.x/abstract                                          
Electronic cigarettes: new kit on the rack Leelavathi M., Das S. International Journal of Clinical Practice 2012 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2011.02866.x/abstract                                          
Electronic Cigarettes. Do They Have a Role in Smoking Cessation? Odum L.E. et al Journal of Pharmacy Practice 2012 http://jpp.sagepub.com/content/25/6/611                                          
Nicotine control: E-cigarettes, smoking and addiction Bella K., Keaneb H. International Journal of Drug Policy 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0955395912000072                                          
Non-cigarette tobacco products: What have we learned and where are we headed?   Tobacco control 2012 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/21/2/181.long                                          
Short-term Pulmonary Effects of Using an Electronic Cigarette: Impact on Respiratory Flow Resistance, Impedance, and Exhaled Nitric Oxide Vardavas C.I. et al CHEST 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012369212603274                                          
The electronic cigarette: what proportion of smokers have tried it and how many use it regularly? Kralikova E. et al. Addiction 2012 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03916.x/abstract                                          
The electronic-cigarette: Effects on desire to smoke, withdrawal symptoms and cognition Dawkins L. et al Addictive Behaviors 2012 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460312000913                                          
  Pepper J.K. et al Journal of Adolescent Health 2013 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X12004090                                          
Awareness and Ever Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among U.S. Adults, 2010–2011 King B.A.et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/9/1623                                          
Chronic Idiopathic Neutrophilia in A Smoker, Relieved after Smoking Cessation with the Use of Electronic Cigarette: a Case Report Farsalinos K.E., Romagna G. Clin Med Insights Case Rep. 2013 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3571762/                                          
Determination of tobacco-specific nitrosamines in replacement liquids of electronic cigarettes by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry Kim H., Shin H. Journal of Chromatography A 2013 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0021967313005001                                          
E-Cigarettes: Prevalence and Attitudes in Great Britain Dockrell M. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/10/1737                                          
Electronic cigarette: a possible substitute for cigarette dependence Caponnetto P. et al Monaldi Arch Chest Dis. 2013 http://monaldi.pagepress.org/index.php/macd/article/view/104                                          
Electronic Cigarettes and Vaping: A New Challenge in Clinical Medicine and Public Health. A Literature Review Palazzolo D.L. Front Public Health 2013 http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpubh.2013.00056/abstract                                          
Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trial Bullen C. et al The Lancet 2013 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673613618425                                          
Electronic Cigarettes: A New Nicotine Gateway? Grana R.A. Journal of Adolescent Health 2013 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1054139X12007367                                          
Electronic cigarettes: a short review Bertholon J.F. et al Respiration 2013 http://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/353253                                          
Electronic Cigarettes: Effective Nicotine Delivery After Acute Administration Vansickel A.R., Eissenberg T. Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/1/267                                          
Evaluating Nicotine Levels Selection and Patterns of Electronic Cigarette Use in a Group of “Vapers” Who Had Achieved Complete Substitution of Smoking Farsalinos K.E. et al Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment 2013                                          

 

"Smoking revolution": a content analysis of electronic cigarette retail websites

Grana R.A., Ling P.M. Am J Prev Med. 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379713006934                                          
Health-related effects reported by electronic cigarette users in online forums Hua M. et al J Med Internet Res. 2013 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3636314/                                          
Impact of an electronic cigarette on smoking reduction and cessation in schizophrenic smokers: a prospective 12-month pilot study Caponnetto P. et al Int J Environ Res Public Health 2013 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23358230                                          
In Vitro Particle Size Distributions in Electronic and Conventional Cigarette Aerosols Suggest Comparable Deposition Patterns Zhang Y. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/2/501                                          
Metal and Silicate Particles Including Nanoparticles Are Present in Electronic Cigarette Cartomizer Fluid and Aerosol Williams M. et al PLOS ONE 2013 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0057987                                          
Mining data on usage of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) from YouTube videos Hua M. et al Tobacco control 2013 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/22/2/103.abstract                                          
Nicotine derived from the electronic cigarette improves time-based prospective memory in abstinent smokers Dawkins L. et al Psychopharmacology 2013 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00213-013-2983-2                                          
Nicotine Levels in Electronic Cigarettes Goniewicz M.L. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/1/158                                          
Perceived efficacy of e-cigarettes versus nicotine replacement therapy among successful e-cigarette users: a qualitative approach Barbeau A.M. et al Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2013 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23497603                                          
Qualitative and quantitative compositions of fluids for electronic cigarettes Uryupin A.B. et al Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal 2013 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11094-013-0871-z                                          
Secondhand Exposure to Vapors From Electronic Cigarettes Czogala Y. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/16/6/655                                          
Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial of electronic cigarettes versus nicotine patch for smoking cessation Bullen C. et al BMC Public Health 2013 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2458-13-210                                          
Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among State Tobacco Cessation Quitline Callers Vickerman K.A. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2013 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/15/10/1787                                          
  Dawkins L. et al Addiction 2013 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.12150/abstract                                          
Grana R.A., Ling P.M. Am J Prev Med. 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379713006934                                          
A longitudinal study of electronic cigarette users Etter J., Bullen C. Addictive Behaviors 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460313003304                                          
A systematic review of health effects of electronic cigarettes Pisinger C., Døssing M. Prev Med 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743514003739                                          
Achieving appropriate regulations for electronic cigarettes Saitta D. et al Ther Adv Chronic Dis. 2014 http://taj.sagepub.com/content/5/2/50                                          
Acute effects of using an electronic nicotine-delivery device (electronic cigarette) on myocardial function: comparison with the effects of regular cigarettes Farsalinos K.E. et al BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2014 http://bmccardiovascdisord.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2261-14-78                                          
Adverse Effects of e-Cigarette Exposures Cantrell F.L. Journal of Community Health 2014 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10900-013-9807-5                                          
Carbonyl compounds generated from electronic cigarettes Bekki K. et al Int J Environ Res Public Health 2014 http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/11/11192                                          
Chemical evaluation of electronic cigarettes Cheng T. Tobacco control 2014 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii11                                          
Connections of nicotine to cancer Grando S.A. Nature Reviews Cancer 2014 http://www.nature.com/nrc/journal/v14/n6/full/nrc3725.html                                          
Counseling Patients on the Use of Electronic Cigarettes Ebbert J.O. et al Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2014 http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.org/article/S0025-6196%2814%2900989-6/abstract                                          
Do electronic cigarettes impart a lower potential disease burden than conventional tobacco cigarettes? Review on E-cigarette vapor versus tobacco smoke. Oh A., Kacker A. Laryngoscope 2014 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/lary.24750/abstract                                          
E-cigarettes and cardiovascular risk: beyond science and mysticism Lippi G. et al Semin Thromb Hemost. 2014 https://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-0033-1363468                                          
E-Cigarettes. A Scientific Review Grana R. et al Circulation 2014 http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/129/19/1972                                          
Effects of electronic cigarette smoking on human health Meo S.A., Al Asiri S.A. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 2014 http://www.europeanreview.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/3315-3319.pdf                                          
Efficacy of electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation Orr K.K., Asal N.J. Ann Pharmacother. 2014 http://aop.sagepub.com/content/48/11/1502                                          
Electronic cigarette use among Korean adolescents: a cross-sectional study of market penetration, dual use, and relationship to quit attempts and former smoking Lee S. et al J Adolesc Health 2014 http://www.jahonline.org/article/S1054-139X(13)00748-9/abstract                                          
Electronic cigarettes and nicotine clinical pharmacology Schroeder M.J, Hoffman A.C. Tobacco control 2014 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii30                                          
Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction McRobbie H. et al Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD010216.pub2/abstract                                          
Electronic cigarettes: a review of safety and clinical issues Weaver M. et al J Addict Med. 2014                                          
Electronic cigarettes: abuse liability, topography and subjective effects Evans S.E., Hoffman A.C. Tobacco control 2014 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii23                                          
Electronic cigarettes: human health effects Callahan-Lyon P. Tobacco control 2014 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii36                                          
Electronic cigarettes: incorporating human factors engineering into risk assessments Yang L. et al Tobacco control 2014 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii47                                          
Electronic cigarettes: patterns of use, health effects, use in smoking cessation and regulatory issues Rahman M.A. et al Tob Induc Dis. 2014 http://www.tobaccoinduceddiseases.com/content/12/1/21                                          
Electronic cigarettes: product characterisation and design considerations Brown C.J., Cheng J.M. Tobacco control 2014 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii4                                          
Electronic cigarettes: review of use, content, safety, effects on smokers and potential for harm and benefit Hajek P. et al Addiction 2014 http://tobonline.com/Media/Default/Article/Addiction-%20Hajek%2014.pdf                                          
Electronic cigarettes. Potential harms and benefits Drummond M.B., Upson D. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2014 http://www.atsjournals.org/doi/full/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201311-391FR                                          
Electronic nicotine delivery system (electronic cigarette) awareness, use, reactions and beliefs: a systematic review Pepper J.K., Brewer N.T. Tobacco control 2014 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/5/375                                          
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (“E-cigarettes”). Review of Safety and Smoking Cessation Efficacy Harrell P.T. et al Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2014 http://oto.sagepub.com/content/151/3/381                                          
Evaluation of electronic cigarette liquids and aerosol for the presence of selected inhalation toxins Farsalinos K.E. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2014 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/08/30/ntr.ntu176                                          
How are the English Stop Smoking Services responding to growth in use of electronic cigarettes? Beard E. et al Patient Education and Counseling 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0738399113004631                                          
How much nicotine kills a human? Tracing back the generally accepted lethal dose to dubious self-experiments in the nineteenth century Mayer, Bernd Arch Toxicol. 2014 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00204-013-1127-0                                          
Identification of toxicants in cinnamon-flavored electronic cigarette refill fluids Behar R.Z. et al Toxicology in Vitro 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0887233313002610                                          
Influential parameters on particle concentration and size distribution in the mainstream of e-cigarettes Fuoco F.C. et al Environmental Pollution 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749113005307                                          
Nicotine absorption from electronic cigarette use: comparison between first and new-generation devices Farsalinos K.E. et al Nature 2014 http://www.nature.com/articles/srep04133                                          
Peering through the mist: systematic review of what the chemistry of contaminants in electronic cigarettes tells us about health risks Burstyn I. BMC Public Health 2014 http://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-14-18                                          
Pilot Investigation of Changes in Readiness and Confidence to Quit Smoking After E-Cigarette Experimentation and 1 Week of Use Wagener T.L. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2014 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/16/1/108                                          
Research gaps related to the environmental impacts of electronic cigarettes Chang H. Tobacco control 2014 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii54                                          
Risks of Attempting to Regulate Nicotine Flux in Electronic Cigarettes Farsalinos K.E. et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2014 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/11/28/ntr.ntu207                                          
Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review Farsalinos K.E., Polosa R. Ther Adv Drug Saf. 2014 http://taw.sagepub.com/content/5/2/67                                          
The changing face of tobacco use among United States youth Lauterstein D. et al Curr Drug Abuse Rev. 2014 http://benthamscience.com/journals/current-drug-abuse-reviews/volume/7/issue/1/page/29/                                          
The impact of electronic cigarettes on the paediatric population Durmowicz E.L. Tobacco control 2014 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/23/suppl_2/ii41                                          
Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) impairs indoor air quality and increases FeNO levels of e-cigarette consumers Schober W. et al International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1438463913001533                                          
Vaping and Health: What Do We Know about E-Cigarettes? Arnold C. Environ Health Perspect. 2014 http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/122-A244/                                          
Water Pipes and E-cigarettes : New Faces of an Ancient Enemy Dagaonkar R.S., Udwadia Z.F. Journal of the association of physicians of india 2014 http://www.japi.org/april_2014/05_ra_water_pipes.pdf                                          
A review of the current geographic distribution of and debate surrounding electronic cigarette clean air regulations in the United States Kadowaki J. et al Health Place 2015 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1353829214001646                                          
Are e-cigarettes a gateway to smoking or a pathway to quitting? Alawsi F. et al Br Dent J. 2015 http://www.nature.com/bdj/journal/v219/n3/full/sj.bdj.2015.591.html                                          
Are E-cigarettes a safe and good alternative to cigarette smoking? Oren R. et al Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2015 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nyas.12609/abstract                                          
Are Metals Emitted from Electronic Cigarettes a Reason for Health Concern? A Risk-Assessment Analysis of Currently Available Literature Farsalinos K.E. et al Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015 http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/5/5215                                          
Development of an in vitro cytotoxicity model for aerosol exposure using 3D reconstructed human airway tissue; application for assessment of e-cigarette aerosol Neilson L. et al Toxicology in Vitro 2015 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0887233315001228                                          
E-cigarettes generate high levels of aldehydes only in ‘dry puff’ conditions Farsalinos K.E. et al Addiction 2015 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.12942/abstract                                          
E-cigarettes need to be tested for safety under realistic conditions Bates C.D., Farsalinos K.E. Addiction 2015 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.13028/full                                          
E-cigarettes: an evidence update. A report commissioned by Public Health England McNeill et al Public Health England 2015                                          
E-cigarettes: Considerations for the otolaryngologist Biyani S., Derkay C.S. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2015 http://www.ijporlonline.com/article/S0165-5876(15)00191-3/abstract                                          
E-cigarettes: Safe to recommend to patients? Jerry J.M. et al Cleve Clin J Med. 2015 http://www.ccjm.org/index.php?id=107953&tx_ttnews[tt_news]=419977                                          
Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adults: United States, 2014 Shoenborn et al. NCHS Data Brief 2015 http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db217.pdf                                          
Electronic Cigarette Use and Exposure in the Pediatric Population Collaco J.M. et al JAMA Pediatr. 2015 http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=2085668                                          
Electronic Cigarettes - A Narrative Review for Clinicians Orellana-Barrios M.A. et al Am J Med 2015 http://www.amjmed.com/article/S0002-9343(15)00165-5/abstract                                          
Electronic Cigarettes: A Primer for Clinicians Born H. et al Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2015 http://oto.sagepub.com/content/153/1/5                                          
Electronic cigarettes: assessing the efficacy and the adverse effects through a systematic review of published studies Gualano M.R. et al J Public Health (Oxf) 2015 http://jpubhealth.oxfordjournals.org/content/37/3/488                                          
Electronic Cigarettes: Lifestyle Gadget or Smoking Cessation Aid? Schuurmans M.M. Praxis 2015 http://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/abs/10.1024/1661-8157/a002057                                          
Electronic Cigarettes: Vulnerability of Youth. Schraufnagel D.E. Pediatr Allergy Immunol Pulmonol. 2015 http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/ped.2015.0490                                          
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems: A Policy Statement from the American Association for Cancer Research and the American Society of Clinical Oncology Brandon T.H. et al Clinical Cancer Research 2015 http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/21/3/514                                          
Exposure to Electronic Cigarettes Impairs Pulmonary Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Viral Defenses in a Mouse Model Sussan T.E. et al. PLOS ONE 2015 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0116861                                          
Flavoring Chemicals in E-Cigarettes: Diacetyl, 2,3-Pentanedione, and Acetoin in a Sample of 51 Products, Including Fruit-, Candy-, and Cocktail-Flavored E-Cigarettes Allen et al EHP 2015 http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/15-10185/                                          
Is there evidence for potential harm of electronic cigarette use in pregnancy? Sufer M.A. et al Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2015 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bdra.23333/abstract                                          
Nitzkin J.L.et al N Engl J Med 2015 http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMc1502242                                          
Nicotine Levels and Presence of Selected Tobacco-Derived Toxins in Tobacco Flavoured Electronic Cigarette Refill Liquids Farsalinos K.E. et al Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015 http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/4/3439                                          
Response to Shihadeh et al. (2015): E-cigarettes generate high levels of aldehydes only in ‘dry puff’ conditions Farsalinos K.E. et al Addiction 2015 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.13078/abstract                                          
The chemical components of electronic cigarette cartridges and refill fluids: review of analytical methods Famele M. et al Nicotine Tob Res. 2015 http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/17/3/271                                          
The Electronic Cigarette: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly Cooke A. et al J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2015 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213219815002676                                          
The Potential Adverse Health Consequences of Exposure to Electronic Cigarettes and Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems   Oncology Nursing Forum 2015                                          
Therapeutic potential of use of the electronic cigarettes at nicotinic dependence (In Russian with English summary) Mendelevich V.D. Наркология 2015 http://psychiatr.ru/download/2358?view=1&name=Mendelevich+V.D._2015-08.pdf                                          
Tobacco-Specific Nitrosamines in Electronic Cigarettes: Comparison between Liquid and Aerosol Levels Farsalinos K.E. et al Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015 http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/8/9046                                          
Toxicity Assessment of Refill Liquids for Electronic Cigarettes Varlet V. et al Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015 http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/12/5/4796                                          
Vapors Produced by Electronic Cigarettes and E-Juices with Flavorings Induce Toxicity, Oxidative Stress, and Inflammatory Response in Lung Epithelial Cells and in Mouse Lung Lerner et al. PLOS ONE 2015 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0116732                                          
Nicotine absorption from electronic cigarette use: comparison between experienced consumers (vapers) and naïve users (smokers) Farsalinos etal. Sci. Rep. 2015 http://www.nature.com/articles/srep11269                                          
Evaluation of Chronic Oral Nicotine Treatment in Food Consumption, Body Weight and [125I] Epibatidine Binding in Adult Mice Huang etal Journal of Toxicology 2015 http://juniperpublishers.com/oajt/pdf/OAJT.MS.ID.555552.pdf                                          
Chemical emissions from e-cigarettes: Direct and indirect (passive) exposures Offermann Building and Environment 2015 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360132315001213                                          
Vapor has 750x LESS Diacetyl than Cigarette Smoke: Article from Public Health Prof Michael Siegel Blogpost 2015 http://tobaccoanalysis.blogspot.com/2015/12/new-study-finds-that-average-diacetyl.html                                          
Electronic cigarettes induce DNA strand breaks and cell death independently of nicotine in cell lines Yu V. et al Oral Oncology 2016 http://www.oraloncology.com/article/S1368-8375%2815%2900362-0/abstract                                          
Cigarette smoke but not electronic cigarette aerosol activates a stress response in human coronary artery endothelial cells in culture Teasdale J.E. etal Drug and alcohol dependence 2016 http://www.drugandalcoholdependence.com/article/S0376-8716%2816%2930047-3/abstract                                          
Electronic cigarette inhalation alters innate immunity and airway cytokines while increasing the virulence of colonizing bacteria Hwang J.H. etal Journal of Molecular Medicine 2016 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00109-016-1378-3                                          
Electronic cigarette use in the European Union: 6-9 Million Europeans Have Quit Farsalinos, et al Journal Addiction 2016                                          
Protocol proposal for, and evaluation of, consistency in nicotine delivery from the liquid to the aerosol of electronic cigarettes atomizers: regulatory implications Farsalinos etal. Addiction 2016 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.13299/abstract                                          
Flavoring Compounds Dominate Toxic Aldehyde Production during E-Cigarette Vaping Khlystov, Samburova Environ. Sci. Technol. 2016 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.est.6b05145                                          
Vapor Does NOT Cause Cell Mutations, Tobacco Smoke Does Causa Cell Mutations (Cancer Risk) D. Thorne Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. 2016 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1383571816301711?via%3Dihub                                          
Visible Vaping: E-Cigarettes and the Further De-Normalization of Smoking McKeganey etal Int Arch Addict Res Med 2016                                          
E-cigarettes and smoking cessation in real-world and clinical settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis Kalkhoran, Glantz the Lancet 2016 http://thelancet.com/journals/lanres/article/PIIS2213-2600(15)00521-4/abstract                                          
Nicotine concentration of e-cigarettes used by adolescents Morean etal Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2016 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S037687161630179X                                          
A direct method for e-cigarette aerosol sample collection Olmedo etal Environmental Research 2016 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935116301712                                          
Efficacy and Safety of Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation: A Critical Approach Ioakeimidis etal Hellenic Journal of Cardiology 2016 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1109966616300112                                          
Impact of e-cigarette refill liquid exposure on rat kidney Golli etal Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2016 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273230016300356                                          
Characterization of potential impurities and degradation products in electronic cigarette formulations and aerosols Flora etal Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2016 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273230015301276                                          
Real-Time Measurement of Electronic Cigarette Aerosol Size Distribution and Metals Content Analysis Mikheev etal Nicotine Tob Res 2016                                          
Quit Methods Used by US Adult Cigarette Smokers, 2014–2016 Caraballo etal CDC 2017 https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2017/16_0600.htm                                          
Clearing the Air: A systematic review on the harms and benefits of e-cigarettes and vapour devices     2017                                          
E-cigarettes as a source of toxic and potentially carcinogenic metals Hess etal Environmental Research 2017 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013935116306995                                          
Paternal nicotine exposure alters hepatic xenobiotic metabolism in offspring Vallaster etal eLife 2017 https://elifesciences.org/content/6/e24771                                          
Increased Cardiac Sympathetic Activity and Oxidative Stress in Habitual Electronic Cigarette Users Moheimani etal JAMA Cardiol. 2017 http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamacardiology/article-abstract/2600166                                          
Nicotine, Carcinogen, and Toxin Exposure in Long-Term E-Cigarette and Nicotine Replacement Therapy Users: A Cross-sectional Study Shahab etal Ann Intern Med. 2017                                          
Second Generation Electronic Nicotine Delivery System Vape Pen Exposure Generalizes as a Smoking Cue King etal Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2017                                          
Nicotine delivery to users from cigarettes and from different types of e-cigarettes Hajek P. et al Psychopharmacology 2017 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00213-016-4512-6                                          
Analytical Assessment of e-Cigarettes: From Contents to Chemical and Particle Exposure Profiles (Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry) Farsalinos etal.   2017 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/book/9780128112410                                          
Aldehyde Detection in Electronic Cigarette Aerosols Ogunwale etal ACS Omega 2017 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/acsomega.6b00489                                          
Concurrent E-Cigarette Use During Tobacco Dependence Treatment in Primary Care Settings: Association With Smoking Cessation at Three and Six Months Zawertailo etal Nicotine Tob Res 2017                                          
E-Cigarettes Use Behavior and Experience of Adults: Qualitative Research Findings to Inform E-Cigarette Use Measure Development Kim etal Nicotine Tob Res 2017                                          
The Influence of a Mouthpiece-Based Topography Measurement Device on Electronic Cigarette User’s Plasma Nicotine Concentration, Heart Rate, and Subjective Effects Under Directed and Ad Libitum Use Conditions Spindle etal Nicotine Tob Res 2017                                          
Correlates of Electronic Cigarettes Use Before and During Pregnancy Oncken etal Nicotine Tob Res 2017                                          
Vaping to lose weight: Predictors of adult e-cigarette use for weight loss or control Morean, Wedel Addictive Behaviors 2017 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460316303781                                          
Toxicity evaluation of e-juice and its soluble aerosols generated by electronic cigarettes using recombinant bioluminescent bacteria responsive to specific cellular damages Bharadwaj etal Biosensors and Bioelectronics 2017 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0956566316311678                                          
Fine particles in homes of predominantly low-income families with children and smokers (No diff Vapers & Non Smokers) N. Klepeis, etal PLOS ONE 2017 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0177718                                          
Comparative tumor promotion assessment of e-cigarette and cigarettes (Vapor<cigs)< td=""> </cigs)<> D. Breheny, et al Envir. &Mol. Mutagensis 2017 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/em.22091/full                                          
Electronic Cigarette Device-Related Hazards:: A Call for Immediate FDA Regulation Loewenstein, Middlekauff American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2017 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0749379716303877                                          
A comparison of nicotine dependence among exclusive E-cigarette and cigarette users in the PATH study Liu etal Preventive Medicine 2017 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743517301226                                          
Electronic cigarette hazards Zablotsky JADA 2017 http://jada.ada.org/article/S0002-8177(16)30968-0/abstract                                          
Nicotine, aerosol particles, carbonyls and volatile organic compounds in tobacco- and menthol-flavored e-cigarettes Lee etal Environmental Health 2017 https://ehjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12940-017-0249-x                                          
Electronic cigarette smoking increases of arterial stifness and oxidative stress to a lesser extent than a single normal cigarette: an acute and chronic study I. Ikonomidis, et al European Heart Journal 2017 https://academic.oup.com/eurheartj/article/38/suppl_1/ehx493.P5166/4086509                                          
Vapor does NOT degrade lung surfactant ability to reduce surface tension, CIg Smoke does a lot Rebecca J. Przybyla etal BMC Respiratory Research 2017 https://respiratory-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12931-017-0676-9                                          
Benzene formation in electronic cigarettes Pankow etal PLOS ONE 2017 http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0173055                                          
Comparative tumor promotion assessment of e-cigarette and cigarettes using the in vitro Bhas 42 cell transformation assay Breheny etal. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 2017 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/em.22091/epdf                                          
E-cigarettes emit very high formaldehyde levels only in conditions that are aversive to users: A replication study under verified realistic use conditions Farsalinos etal. Food and Chemical Toxicology 2017 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691517305033                                          
Toxicity of PG, VG & PG/VG vapor inhalation in Rats - Almost None Phillips, et al Food and Chemical Toxicology 2017 http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/29046158                                          
Small Study: 37% reduction in smoking when e-cigs are available to smokers Tucker, et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2017                                          
Comparing the cancer potencies of vapor vs tobacco smoke Stephens BMJ Journal 2017 http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/27/1/10.long                                          
Harm Minimization and Tobacco Control:- long survey study on Harm Reduction David B. Abrams Annual Rev - Public Health 2017 http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-040617-013849                                          
Safety Profile of Closed System, Cigalike Product over 2 years - No Clinically Significant Adverse Health Impacts Tanvir Walele et al Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2018 http://www.fontemscience.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/2-year-vaping-study-full-report.pdf                                          
Public Health England Report on E-cig - executive summary Ann McNeill,et al UK Gov Publications 2018                                          
Public Health England Report on E-cig - full 235 page report Ann McNeill,et al UK Gov Publications 2018                                          
Metal Concentrations in e-Cigarette Liquid and Aerosol Samples: The Contribution of Metallic Coils Pablo Olmedo, et al Emvironmental Health Perspectives 2018 https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/ehp2175/#c1                                          
E-cigarette vapour enhances pneumococcal adherence to airway epithelial cells Lisa Miyashita, et al European Respiratory Journal 2018 http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/51/2/1701592                                          
Tobacco Smoking and Brain Endogenous Opioid Release: More than Nicotine Alone (very low nic can satisy cravings) Domino, Hirasawa-Fujita Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2018 https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nty039                                          
Behavioral Econ Survery: E-cigs/VLN must be priced lower than Cigs to have more switch Bryan W Heckman, et al Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2018 https://academic.oup.com/ntr/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ntr/nty042/4934144                                          
Do flavouring compounds contribute to aldehyde emissions in e-cigarettes? Farsilinos & Voudris Food and Chemical Toxicology 2018 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0278691518301339                                          
Amer. Cancer Society: Public Health Statement on Eliminating Combustible Tobacco Use in US   Americn Cancer Society 2018                                          
Carbonyl emissions from a novel heated tobacco product (IQOS): comparison with an e-cigarette and a tobacco cigarette. Dr. Farsalinos, etal PubMed.gov 2018 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29920842                                          
Changing patterns of first e-cigarette flavor used and current flavors used by 20,836 adult frequent e-cigarette users in the USA Christopher Russell, et al Harm Reduction Journal 2018 https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-018-0238-6                                          
Role of testing standards in smoke-free product assessments M.Belushkin, etal Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology 2018 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0273230018301776                                          
Changing patterns of first e-cigarette flavor used and current flavors used by 20,836 adult frequent e-cigarette users in the USA Christopher Russell, et al Harm Reduction Journal 2018 https://harmreductionjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12954-018-0238-6#Declarations                                          
Nic/0nic heart impact - Sympathomimetic Effects of Acute E‐Cigarette Use: Role of Nicotine and Non‐Nicotine Constituents Roya S. Moheimani, et al Journal of the American Heart Association 2018 https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/JAHA.117.006579                                          
Secong hand vapor - Characterization of the Spatial and Temporal Dispersion Differences Between Exhaled E-Cigarette Mist and Cigarette Smoke Dainius Martuzevicius, PhD, et a; Nicotive & Tobacco Research 2018 https://academic.oup.com/ntr/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ntr/nty121/5040053                                          
Surface Chemistry of Electronic Cigarette Electrical Heating Coils: Effects of Metal Type on Propylene Glycol Thermal Decomposition Najat A.Saliba, et al Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 2018 https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165237018304923                                          


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