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CBD

What Is A Cannabinoid? Learn more about CBD Products and How They Work

 


At Upper Limits, our sole focus is on helping our customers take advantage of the inherent botanical goodness of the hemp plant. That’s why we stock premium-quality CBD products including CBD oil for vape pens, flavored CBD juice, CBD tinctures, CBD gummies, CBD topicals including hemp extract infused creams, CBD soft gels, Hemp lip balms, CBD herbal vape kits, and disposable CBD vape pens from our carefully curated brands. Mad Scientist Hemp, Banner Harvest, Extract Labs, Ghost Labs, and Darling Hemp Co are a few popular brands available at Upper Limits. With the growing popularity of CBD and Cannabinoid products, it’s apparent that many have already discovered the benefits of hemp cannabinoids.

These products are naturally enriched with phytonutrients that plants use to stay healthy. Phytonutrients provide plants with powerful antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties.

 

What is a Cannabinoid?

Cannabinoids are a special class of diverse chemical compounds that naturally occur in the resin produced by the leaves and flowers of cannabis plants, such as marijuana and hemp. The effects of these chemicals on your body play a role in the way cannabis can help you. As more and more studies are conducted, cannabinoids are being discovered for their important biological functions. These delicate compounds have been shown to affect many different body systems, from your immune system to the central nervous system. Cannabinoids act on neurotransmitters throughout the brain and central nervous system to produce a wide variety of effects. These compounds are used for medicinal purposes to relieve pain, suppress muscle spasms, reduce inflammation, regulate mood and mental function, act as an anti-inflammatory, lower blood pressure, and relax muscles. In particular, they have shown promise in treating chronic pain, neuropathy, and sleep disorders. There are about a hundred known cannabinoids to date as research continues. So far, around 300 non-cannabinoid naturally occurring chemicals, such as terpenes, have also been discovered in hemp and cannabis plants.


What is CBD?

CBD is an abbreviation for cannabidiol, a chemical compound derived from the cannabis plant. However, CBD products do not produce a “high sensation” like tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound found in cannabis. Widely used by those seeking an alternative to possibly help reduce anxiety, alleviate insomnia, or manage chronic pain. CBD products come in various forms and can be inhaled, ingested, or absorbed through the skin.

CBD has been shown to inhibit inflammation and nerve pain making it easier to treat difficult types of chronic pain. In a study by the European Journal of Pain, topical CBD helped reduce inflammation and pain caused by arthritis. Many individuals have reported falling asleep faster and staying asleep longer with the help of CBD. With the recent legalization of cannabis increasing in the United States hopefully, we can expect to see more scientific studies showing the benefits of CBD and other hemp products.



What is The Endocannabinoid System (ECS)?

Let's take a glance into a 600 million-year-old system present in all living organisms: the Endocannabinoid System, or ECS for short. it’s going to be hard to keep this short, but I’ll do my best.


So, what happens when we consume Cannabis? Why do we experience its effects?

To understand better, we need to go back to 1964 when Israeli scientists identified a group of compounds known as cannabinoids, the most popular of thesis being, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or “THC”. That discovery spawned a lot of research into these phyto-compounds. Cannabinoids are the therapeutically active substances in cannabis, and they lead to the discovery of the Endocannabinoid System in 1988.

So a vital part of this molecular-level communication system between cells is naturally occurring compounds in the human body known as “endocannabinoids.” Endocannabinoids are closely related to normal bodily functions in the nervous system and the immune system. Cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, known as “phyto-cannabinoids” can mimic endocannabinoids, or enhance the action of naturally occurring endocannabinoids. They mimic or enhance, the action of these naturally occurring endocannabinoids by fitting into specialized receptor sites found throughout the human nervous and immune systems. these receptors are known as CB1 and CB2.

CB1 receptors are found throughout the brain and central nervous system, as well as in the kidneys, liver, lungs, gi tract, and even the eyes. It is exciting to note that CB1 receptors are absent from the basal regions of the brain that control vital functions, such as heart and respiratory function. Thus, it is impossible to overdose on cannabis. CB2 receptors are found more in the peripheral organs related to immune function such as the tonsils, the thymus, the spleen, and the bone marrow. it is also found in smaller amounts in the brain. Research on the ECS is growing exponentially, as this system is being implicated in numerous body functions, as well as in numerous disorders of the body.

Now, let’s really geek out here on two quotes from a well-published researcher on the Endocannabinoid System, Dr. Ethan Russo. Here is what an expert would write: “The analgesic and palliative effects of cannabis and cannabinoid preparation have been amply reported over the past generation…. in essence, the effects result from a combination of receptor and non-receptor mediated mechanisms. THC and other cannabinoids exert many actions through cannabinoid receptors, g-protein-coupled membrane receptors that are extremely densely represented in central, spinal, and peripheral nociceptive pathways.

“Endogenous Cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) even regulate integrative pain structures such as the periaqueductal gray matter. The Endocannabinoid System also interacts in numerous ways with the endogenous opioid and vanillio systems that can modulate analgesia and with a myriad of other neurotransmitter systems such as the serotonergic, dopaminergic, glutamatergic, etc., pertinent to pain. The current author has suggested that a clinical endocannabinoid deficiency may underlie the pathogenesis of migraine, fibromyalgia, idiopathic bowel syndrome, and numerous other painful conditions that defy modern pathophysiological explanation or adequate treatment."

So what does all of this mean? Well, let me give you just one example of how the ECS works.


What happens when we take Cannabidiol or CBD? How does CBD work?

When we use CBD products, what happens is that the CBD inhibits a certain enzyme that degrades or breaks down one of the body’s natural endocannabinoids called anandamide. Anandamide is very good for calming the brain, thus CBD's efficacy for anxiety and some other mood and movement disorders. So when we take CBD, it helps us by allowing more of this anandamide to stay in our system.

 

So there you have it!

 

There is so much information on this, and so much to learn. One could spend days reading all of the information about this vital system in all living organisms, The Endocannabinoid System.

 

 


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